Overview of Science in India
Des informations plus complètes en français sont disponibles dans la Fiche Curie Recherche Inde publiée en 2015, ainsi que dans le Rapport d’activités du SST 2015-2016 (disponible sur demande.
Fostering science and technology has been a priority of the Indian government since Independence. Aiming at attaining self-sufficiency, Nehru launched the creation of many research institutes, higher education institutions of excellence such as the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), as well as ambitious programmes in the sectors of nuclear energy and space.
The government of Narendra Modi, in power since 2014 reaffirmed the central role of science, technology and innovation in developing the country and to face the challenges India are confronted with. Several initiatives were launched to encourage foreign direct investments and technology transfers to India: the ‘Make in India’ campaign aims at developing the country’s manufacturing capacities including in the sector of new technologies (IT, biotechnologies, electronics, Internet of things); others to bring the benefits of the Digital Revolution to the people (‘Digital India’); to stimulate innovation (‘Startup India’) or to tackle environmental and urban development challenges (‘Clean India’, Smart Cities Programme).
With the objective to allocate 2% of its GDP to Research & Development (against 0.89% now), India ambitions to be among the 3 leading science countries in the world by 2030.
Sectors of Excellence
In share of publications, India excels in the following scientific sectors: pharmacology, chemistry and chemical engineering, materials science, engineering, and environmental sciences. (Source SCImago (2015) : http://www.scimagojr.com)
|Key figures on Science in India|
|€14 bn||Proposed budget for Science & Technology for fiscal year 2017-2018.|
|0.89||Percentage of R&D in GDP|
|5||Global rank in terms of number of scientific publications (share: 4.8% in 2015) (SciMago Figures)|
|4||Number of researchers for 10,000 working-age persons (China: 18, France: 76, USA: 79)|
|19.8||Percentage of co-publications with another country|
|360,000||Number of Indian students who went abroad for studies in 2015 (incl. 4,000 in France)|